Archaeology eZine


 

Facing the History by antonioperezrio.com on Flickr.

Facing the History by antonioperezrio.com on Flickr.

People of Santa Claus by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.Via Flickr:Mysterious face sculptures of Myra: Ancient theater masks carved on hundreds of stone blocks on pebbles at Myra. Each of them represent different faces and expressions. Myra is an ancient town in Lycia, where the small town of Kale (Demre) is situated today in Antalya Province of Turkey. Saint Nicholas of Myra lived here. We know him today as Santa Claus …  Moreancient-anatolia.blogspot.com

People of Santa Claus by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Mysterious face sculptures of Myra: Ancient theater masks carved on hundreds of stone blocks on pebbles at Myra. Each of them represent different faces and expressions. Myra is an ancient town in Lycia, where the small town of Kale (Demre) is situated today in Antalya Province of Turkey. Saint Nicholas of Myra lived here. We know him today as Santa Claus … More

ancient-anatolia.blogspot.com

Frescos in the Cave Church of Cappadocia by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.Via Flickr:Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia 
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Turkey
Ceiling of hidden cave church Elmali in a natural volcanic fairy chimney at Göreme, Open Air Museum.
See more at : voyageAnatolia.blogspot.com

Frescos in the Cave Church of Cappadocia by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Turkey


Ceiling of hidden cave church Elmali in a natural volcanic fairy chimney at Göreme, Open Air Museum.

See more at : voyageAnatolia.blogspot.com

Neighbourhood / Vecindario by . SantiMB . on Flickr.Via Flickr:
Santa Tegra - A Guarda, Pontevedra (Spain).Better seen in Fluidr.
Se ve mejor en Fluidr.ENGLISH
The Castro de Santa Tecla is located in the Southwest tip of Galicia, on top of the Mount Santa Tecla, next to the mouth of the Miño River, in the municipal area of A Guarda (Pontevedra).
The location of the Castro of Santa Tegra (or Santa Tecla) responds to needs of strategic defense. On the one hand, it occupies the highest part of the mount from where a wide extension of the coast can be controlled, as well as the mouth of the river Miño. The slopes of the hillsides are between 25% and 50%, and they serve as a natural defense from where it would be easy to defend the village. On the other hand, both the lands for agriculture and the areas for fishing or shellfishing of the river and the sea are not more than 2 Km. far away (within a 30 to 60 minute walk). Therefore the strategical-defensive character of the location is more important than the economic.
The walled area of the castro probably dates back to the times of the Romans, and occupies an extension of some 700 m. long north to south, and 300 m. wide east to west. It is one of the late castros with bigger dimensions of the Northwest of Iberia. There are two known entry gates, one North and the other South, and although in reality the latter is located Southeast, there probably exists a third entry South.
Apparently, in a sense there exists a chaotic urbanism on the excavated area of the village. But after a more detailed observation there appear a number of rational and communitarian elements. There are small squares and narrow streets, some of them covered with flagstones, which separate the groups of construction. Some of these streets are built on steps to save the slope. Other elements, like the walls of contention of lands, depos for shells or rubbish dumps tell us of the existance of a primitive urbanism.
The circular constructions are predominant in the village, in many cases with a hall. But there are also oval and squared constructions. The latters most probably due to Roman influence.
Although some authors identified some openings as windows, it seems as if the houses of the Castro de Santa Tecla, like all others in Northwest Iberia, had no windows. The only air entry would be through the door. Some of the entry doors to the houses have been unearthed with thresholds and lintels decorated with motifs typical of the meridional regions of the Culture of Castros. In spite of the absence of stratographical data, the architecture which can be seen today belongs, most of it, to a momentum of Roman influence or domain.
More info: forum.stirpes.net/archeology/5909-celtic-castro-santa-teg…
————————————————CASTELLANO
El contorno del monte de Santa Tecla conforma un yacimiento arqueológico, en el que se encuentra un castro, el Castro de Santa Tegra o Santa Tecla, perteneciente a la cultura castreña es el más emblemático y visitado de los castros gallegos. Fue declarado Monumento Histórico Artístico Nacional en el año 1931 y también tiene la consideración de Bien de Interés Cultural. También se encuentran petroglifos en varias de las piedras del monte, elaborados dos mil años antes de la ocupación del castro, que, siguiendo la tesis mantenida por de la Peña Santos, director de las últimas campañas de excavaciones sistemáticas en la década de los ochenta, tuvo una ocupación continuada entre los siglos I a. C., al poco de comezar el proceso de romanización de Galicia, y el siglo I d. C., y a partir de ese momento comezó un lento proceso de abandono, que bien pudo haber sido interrumpido con reocupaciones esporádicas temporales en época tardorromana.
Se sitúa en el monte de Santa Tegra, de 341 metros de altitud, en el extremo más sudoccidental de Galicia, en el municipio de La Guardia, (Pontevedra) en un lugar privilegiado desde el que domina la desembocadura del Miño. El monte tiene unas pendientes muy pronunciadas y el dominio visual del contorno hizo que fuese un lugar estratégico destacado desde mucho antes de la erección del castro.
Siguiendo a los autores clásicos como Plinio el Viejo, Pomponio Mela, Appiano, Ptolomeo… el extremo sudoccidental de la actual Galicia estaría poblado por la comunidad de los Grovii o Grovios, cuya ciudad más importante sería el Castellum Tyde o Tude, la actual Tuy.
Interpretando los hallazgos arqueológicos se trataría de un pueblo cuya estructura igualitaria (construcciones de tamaños semejantes), con carácter pacífico poco belicoso (sistemas defensivos más simbólicos que efectivos) y cuya economía agraria (proximidad a las tierras fértiles, aproximadamente a 1 o 2 km de distancia) pero con una cierta capacidad adquisitiva y comercial (abundantes productos foráneos).
Con el tiempo y producto de las reformas de los emperadores de la dinastía Flavia y la progresiva implantación del sistema romano de explotación, los habitantes del poblado comenzaron un lento abandono para asentarse en las nuevas villae y vici, situadas en los valles y más próximas a las tierras de mayor valor productivo.
Más info: es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castro_de_Santa_Tegra

Neighbourhood / Vecindario by . SantiMB . on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Santa Tegra - A Guarda, Pontevedra (Spain).

Better seen in Fluidr.
Se ve mejor en Fluidr.


ENGLISH
The Castro de Santa Tecla is located in the Southwest tip of Galicia, on top of the Mount Santa Tecla, next to the mouth of the Miño River, in the municipal area of A Guarda (Pontevedra).

The location of the Castro of Santa Tegra (or Santa Tecla) responds to needs of strategic defense. On the one hand, it occupies the highest part of the mount from where a wide extension of the coast can be controlled, as well as the mouth of the river Miño. The slopes of the hillsides are between 25% and 50%, and they serve as a natural defense from where it would be easy to defend the village. On the other hand, both the lands for agriculture and the areas for fishing or shellfishing of the river and the sea are not more than 2 Km. far away (within a 30 to 60 minute walk). Therefore the strategical-defensive character of the location is more important than the economic.

The walled area of the castro probably dates back to the times of the Romans, and occupies an extension of some 700 m. long north to south, and 300 m. wide east to west. It is one of the late castros with bigger dimensions of the Northwest of Iberia. There are two known entry gates, one North and the other South, and although in reality the latter is located Southeast, there probably exists a third entry South.

Apparently, in a sense there exists a chaotic urbanism on the excavated area of the village. But after a more detailed observation there appear a number of rational and communitarian elements. There are small squares and narrow streets, some of them covered with flagstones, which separate the groups of construction. Some of these streets are built on steps to save the slope. Other elements, like the walls of contention of lands, depos for shells or rubbish dumps tell us of the existance of a primitive urbanism.

The circular constructions are predominant in the village, in many cases with a hall. But there are also oval and squared constructions. The latters most probably due to Roman influence.

Although some authors identified some openings as windows, it seems as if the houses of the Castro de Santa Tecla, like all others in Northwest Iberia, had no windows. The only air entry would be through the door. Some of the entry doors to the houses have been unearthed with thresholds and lintels decorated with motifs typical of the meridional regions of the Culture of Castros. In spite of the absence of stratographical data, the architecture which can be seen today belongs, most of it, to a momentum of Roman influence or domain.

More info: forum.stirpes.net/archeology/5909-celtic-castro-santa-teg…

————————————————

CASTELLANO
El contorno del monte de Santa Tecla conforma un yacimiento arqueológico, en el que se encuentra un castro, el Castro de Santa Tegra o Santa Tecla, perteneciente a la cultura castreña es el más emblemático y visitado de los castros gallegos. Fue declarado Monumento Histórico Artístico Nacional en el año 1931 y también tiene la consideración de Bien de Interés Cultural. También se encuentran petroglifos en varias de las piedras del monte, elaborados dos mil años antes de la ocupación del castro, que, siguiendo la tesis mantenida por de la Peña Santos, director de las últimas campañas de excavaciones sistemáticas en la década de los ochenta, tuvo una ocupación continuada entre los siglos I a. C., al poco de comezar el proceso de romanización de Galicia, y el siglo I d. C., y a partir de ese momento comezó un lento proceso de abandono, que bien pudo haber sido interrumpido con reocupaciones esporádicas temporales en época tardorromana.

Se sitúa en el monte de Santa Tegra, de 341 metros de altitud, en el extremo más sudoccidental de Galicia, en el municipio de La Guardia, (Pontevedra) en un lugar privilegiado desde el que domina la desembocadura del Miño. El monte tiene unas pendientes muy pronunciadas y el dominio visual del contorno hizo que fuese un lugar estratégico destacado desde mucho antes de la erección del castro.

Siguiendo a los autores clásicos como Plinio el Viejo, Pomponio Mela, Appiano, Ptolomeo… el extremo sudoccidental de la actual Galicia estaría poblado por la comunidad de los Grovii o Grovios, cuya ciudad más importante sería el Castellum Tyde o Tude, la actual Tuy.

Interpretando los hallazgos arqueológicos se trataría de un pueblo cuya estructura igualitaria (construcciones de tamaños semejantes), con carácter pacífico poco belicoso (sistemas defensivos más simbólicos que efectivos) y cuya economía agraria (proximidad a las tierras fértiles, aproximadamente a 1 o 2 km de distancia) pero con una cierta capacidad adquisitiva y comercial (abundantes productos foráneos).

Con el tiempo y producto de las reformas de los emperadores de la dinastía Flavia y la progresiva implantación del sistema romano de explotación, los habitantes del poblado comenzaron un lento abandono para asentarse en las nuevas villae y vici, situadas en los valles y más próximas a las tierras de mayor valor productivo.

Más info: es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castro_de_Santa_Tegra

Hermes of Andros by sp!ros on Flickr.

Hermes of Andros by sp!ros on Flickr.

Deeds of Alexander the Great by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.Via Flickr:
Detail of Alexander Sarcophagus at Istanbul. Follow the story at: ancient-anatolia.blogspot.com

Deeds of Alexander the Great by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Detail of Alexander Sarcophagus at Istanbul.

Follow the story at: ancient-anatolia.blogspot.com

BJ931 Ancient Egypt at British Museum by listentoreason on Flickr.Via Flickr:
Sarcaphogi at the 
British Museum, London 2005.www.britishmuseum.org/en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Museum

BJ931 Ancient Egypt at British Museum by listentoreason on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
Sarcaphogi at the
British Museum, London 2005.
www.britishmuseum.org/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Museum

war on the walls at Abu Simbel by vfowler on Flickr.Via Flickr:
The warring Ramses defeating all who oppose. A descriptive on the walls at the amazing site of Abu Simbel, an engineering feat in itself. 'war on the walls at Abu Simbel' On BlackBack to Egypt - Visit the World
This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.#338 in interestingness (on 2005-07-19)

war on the walls at Abu Simbel by vfowler on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
The warring Ramses defeating all who oppose. A descriptive on the walls at the amazing site of Abu Simbel, an engineering feat in itself. 'war on the walls at Abu Simbel' On Black

Back to Egypt - Visit the World

This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.

#338 in interestingness (on 2005-07-19)

Aladdin’s Castle & Beach by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.Via Flickr:ancient-anatolia.blogspot.com/2008/09/mamure-castle.html

Aladdin’s Castle & Beach by voyageAnatolia.tumblr.com on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
ancient-anatolia.blogspot.com/2008/09/mamure-castle.html

Udysseus (Ulysses) Mosaic From The Bardo by Ken and Nyetta on Flickr.Via Flickr:
This mosaic portrays Odysseus (Ulysses) on his ship during the famous scene from the Odyssey in which he has himself tied to the mast while his crew, who had all plugged their ears, rowed him past the shore where the sirens sang.

Udysseus (Ulysses) Mosaic From The Bardo by Ken and Nyetta on Flickr.

Via Flickr:
This mosaic portrays Odysseus (Ulysses) on his ship during the famous scene from the Odyssey in which he has himself tied to the mast while his crew, who had all plugged their ears, rowed him past the shore where the sirens sang.